Bessel van der Kolk, M.D., is a clinical psychiatrist who has studied the impact and resolution of trauma on human bessel_van_der_Kolkbeings for the past thirty years. His research has ranged from developmental impact of trauma to neuroimaging and from memory processes to the use of EMDR and theater groups in PTSD. He is professor of psychiatry at Boston University School of Medicine and medical director of the Trauma Center in Boston, where he also serves as director of the National Center for Child Traumatic Stress Community Practice Site. He is past president of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. He has taught at universities and hospitals throughout the world. He is author of over a hundred scientific articles, author of Psychological Trauma and co-editor of Traumatic Stress.

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Frontiers of Trauma Treatment
July 9-13, 2012

Most people who seek psychiatric care have histories of trauma, chaos, or neglect. The past two decades has seen an explosion of knowledge about how experience shapes the brain and the formation of the self. This evolving science has had profound implications on our understanding on what constitutes effective intervention. Sadly, most of the knowledge about how trauma affects the brain and the development of the entire human organism, remains to find its way into the curricula of professional schools.

Advances in the neurosciences, attachment research and in information processing show how brain function is shaped by experience and that life itself can continually transform perception and biology. The memory imprints of trauma(s) are held in physical sensations, bodily states and habitual action patterns. This causes the entire human organism to continuously react to current experiences as a replay of the past.

The earliest form of trauma treatment was to tell other people the story of what had happened and to find support and validation. However, validation, insight and understanding are rarely enough to deal with unspeakable, intolerable and unacceptable traumatic experience. Trauma causes people to remain trapped in the past by leaving deep ongoing imprints on the entire organism- from their immune systems to their internal physical rhythms. Neither words nor compassion suffice in accessing these deep imprints on body and brain.

To overcome the tyranny of the past one needs to learn to befriend one’s damaged inner world and learn to deal with initially overwhelming sensations and arousal levels. Hence, recovery requires facing the imprint of trauma on the self as helpless, enraged, betrayed, ashamed and endangered. Healing involves dealing with the defensive efforts that helped ensure survival, but that now keep people stuck. The cultivation of a deep sense of physical safety and physical mastery are prerequisites for initiating new ways of perceiving reality and promote new behavior patterns, and requires effective ways to deal with the fragmented memories of the past.

Recovery means bringing the traumatic experience to an end in every aspect of the human organism. In this course we will explore the role of yoga, mindfulness, rhythms, EMDR, neurofeedback, sensorimotor therapy, martial arts, Internal Family Systems Therapy and theater to help mind, brain and body to live fully in the present, rather than staying trapped in the traumatic past.

Monday
Trauma and developmental psychopathology. The acquisition of affect regulation, attachment and psychopathology, the breakdown of information processing in trauma.

Tuesday
Affective neuroscience for thoughtful clinicians. The nature of the threat response, attention and concentration. Lessons from neuroimaging and psychophysiology.

Wednesday
Recognition and treatment of survival action patterns. Assessment, treatment planning, stabilization techniques and trauma processing. Neural plasticity and rewiring brain circuitry.

Thursday
Specific stabilization and trauma processing techniques, including EMDR, touch, yoga, improvisational techniques, chi qong in the treatment of learned helplessness and dissociation.

Friday
From fight/flight to being alive to the present-integration of traumatic memories, including group and theater approaches.

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